Paper id: 010000148EJNSS Open Access
Title: EFFECTIVENESS OF MULTI SENSORY INSTRUCTION IN ENHANCING THE SPELLING OF CVC WORDS OF A CHILD WITH LEARNING DIFFICULTY
Year 2023 Full Paper [Download] Page:1-18
Abstract: Children with all kinds of disabilities can learn if they have extra support in the form of educational instruction, aides, use of assistive technology, and an accessible environment. This study is undertaken to extend support using multisensory instruction to teach spelling to a child with learning difficulty. The research is single case study design with focus on a child of fourth grade having severe learning difficulties. The sample of the case study is a single child in a pull-out setting and the three teachers teaching in SEN unit to children with special needs. It followed qualitative approach with pre-test, post-test, document analysis (IEP) and structured interview questionnaire. Data were collected in three phases (baseline, intervention and maintenance). Baseline data was obtained on four sessions with pre-test. The child was taught using multisensory instruction followed by visual (flashcards), auditory (whisper phone) and the tactile aids (sand tray) throughout the period of intervention for seven sessions. Post-test was carried out after the intervention for maintenance phase. Analysis of data was done through comparison of pre-test and post-test score and generating themes from the interview responses. The findings showed the significant improvement in child’s ability to spell after the intervention. Further it was supported by the teacher’s responses stating that the multisensory instruction is effective. Discussions were highlighted to reveal why the child was not able to perform well on the pre-test and better in the post-test. Finally, the study sensitized the readers on its limitations and provided with recommendations to strengthen the future research.
Key terms: Case study, Learning difficulty, Spelling, Multisensory instruction
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