European Journal of Natural and Social Sciences-Novus(EJNSS)

ISSN :2785-5236
Call for Papers Volume 01, Issue 12, December 2022, Peer Reviewed Journal; Fast Publication, included in many leading abstracting and indexing open-access databases. European Journal of Natural and Social Sciences-NOVUS is welcoming original Research Articles, Book Reviews,Reviewd Articles,Please you can reach us if you have any queries send emai to :

Volume 02, Issue 01, 2023

Paper id: 010000144EJNSS     Open Access

Title: Influence of Chromium and Lead toxicity on biochemical parameters of Soybean (Glycine max L)

Year 2023       Full Paper       [Download]         Page: 4-13        

Abstract: Heavy metals like lead and chromium that are present in the environment in large amounts are a serious environmental concern. An investigation was carried out to determine the effect of different concentrations (50ml, 100ml, 150ml and 200ml) of two kinds of heavy metals chromium (Cr), and lead (Pb)on biochemical parameters of three varieties (JS:335, JS:80-21, JS:75-46) of soybean. The result of the present study showed that the exposure of Glycine max to Pb and Cr in Normal concentrations of heavy metal would not be shown any visible toxic symptoms in the increase of heavy metal concentration, resulting in a reduction of total chlorophyll content total carbohydrate content and total protein content. Among the three varieties of (JS:335, JS:80-21, JS:75-46) of Glycine max, JS:80-21 showed a maximum reduction of chlorophyll content and protein content while in carbohydrate content, the maximum decrease was found in JS:75:46 at 200ml concentration. The results clearly indicated that Lead (Pb) treatment proved more toxic than chromium (Cr) treatment for all three different varieties (JS: 335, JS: 80-21, JS: 75-46) of Glycine max.

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Paper id: 010000145EJNSS     Open Access

Title: Impact of Using Picture Schedules for a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) During Transitions: A case study

Year 2023       Full Paper       [Download]         Page: 14-34        

Abstract: Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have difficulty making the cognitive adjustments required to progress, thus find it difficult changing their routine.  They have difficulty making the cognitive adjustments required to progress. As a result, transitions among individuals with autism are frequently fraught with stress, anxiety, and frustration. The need for early detection so that intervention can be provided is considered critical to provide children with ASD the necessary help. Studies conducted on ASD shows that early detection and interventions are effective in providing help for children with ASD. The use of visual support such as picture schedules is considered to be an efficient intervention in assisting children with ASD transition from one activity to another. Studies on ASD recognized and recommended the use of picture schedules to aid the transition of activities among children with ASD. The purpose of this study is to examine the impacts of using picture schedules for a child with ASD during transition. The study was conducted in one of the early childhood care and development centers in Bhutan. The approach considered for this research work was a qualitative, single-case experimental design. Data were gathered from a variety of sources, including observation of the case child, interviews with preschool facilitators, and parents of the case child. To analyze the data collected, visual analysis of the ABAB reversal design and thematic analysis for interviews were performed. To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention, the popular design a single-subject reversal design (ABAB) was used, and the result indicated that the picture schedules had a significant effect on the case child. It was observed that the case child made smooth transitions with the support of the intervention implemented. Further, the data revealed a significant reduction in latency between the time the child was given instructions and the time she began the next activity when the picture schedules were introduced. However, the thematic analysis of semi-structured interview transcripts revealed that there were challenges faced by the parents and teachers in implementing the picture schedules as an intervention due to lack of resources, lack of expertise, inadequate knowledge of the ASD and time constrain in implementing the intervention.

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Paper id: 010000146EJNSS     Open Access


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Abstract: Obliteration of Buddhism rested never walk again faintly when James Crockett, painted the birthplace of Buddhism itself, c.1799. The record puts it to the earliest drawing of the Mahabodhi temple at Bodh-Gaya subscribed as ‘East View of the Hindoo Temple at Bode-Gya, in the neighborhood of Gaya in Behar, taken by Capt. Crokatt.’ The beginning of the end is marked rather inauspiciously. Two hundred twenty-one years since the apparent change is in the spelling of the word ‘Hindoo’ to ‘Hindu,’ but conceptual claim over the site stands still today formally and spiritually ascribed to this word. The identified and unidentified unexcavated sites wait with promisingly true stories. The excavated sites spoke less and lately. The accidental Orientalist discovering forgotten past of buried ruins was the blessing in disguise in fact to re-discover the glory of India’s ancient history. The passion and curiosity of re-discovery had killed the spirit of revival. The numerous identified sites lay idle and unrecognized. Similar to the story of its gradual decline and sudden disappearance, Buddhism struggled through the disorganized and misinterpreted re-discovery this time. Watercolor copy of a painting by Thomas Hickey c.1815 depicts the basis of Colonel Colin Mackenzie’s knowledge source in one way or the other. His image with his Brahmin and Jain pandits and his peon with a Jain statue in the background tantamount to philosophical rivalries then and historical rivalries now. The bold cover design of Charles Allen reads, ‘AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCANDAL.,’ in his book, ‘The Buddha and Dr. Fuhrer.’

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Paper id: 010000147EJNSS     Open Access


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Abstract: Throughout the world, play-based learning activities are important in children’s education. Through play, children learn to become creative and constructive. Moreover, studies have shown that playing provides a safe and necessary way for children to practice and experience a variety of life skills, including problem-solving within a peer group while gaining and enhancing language skills. Through daily play, children gain valuable life experiences through various roles that support growth and ultimately translate into adulthood. However, children with disabilities do not get to play much because they find it harder to play than children without disabilities. Nonetheless, play is an essential part of human development and more so for children with disabilities because they have more to gain. Therefore, this study investigated the implementation of different types of play for a child with special needs and their impact on their learning and behavior at Lekpu ECCD Centre in Thimphu. To this end, the researcher used a qualitative approach, specifically; the social constructivist paradigm within which a single embedded case study design was employed. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with the principal, three facilitators and a parent. These interviews were audio-tapped, transcribed, coded and then analyzed, discussed and presented using thematic analysis.  Additionally, data from observation and physical documents were also analyzed. The study revealed that it was difficult for the facilitators to implement different types of play depending upon the nature of the play, child’s special needs and child’s interest. However, the study discovered that play was an essential for developing key skills, including social, behavioral, language, and cognitive skills. The results also point to the need for additional training for the facilitators regarding implementing play activities, especially for a child with special needs in ECCD centers.

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